Bagan is the temple town of Myanmar and one of Myanmar’s main attractions. Once the capital of a powerful ancient kingdom, the area known as Bagan. or, bureaucratically, as the ‘Bagan Archaeological Zone’ occupies an impressive 26-sq-mile area. The Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) River drifts past its northern and western sides. More than 2,000 Buddhist monuments tower over green plains are here.
Best Time to Visit
The best time to visit Myanmar/Burma is the winter season that lasts from November to February. However, it can get crowded over the winter season so also consider the rainy season for the best time to visit, especially if you’re intending to visit areas in and around Mandalay and Bagan.So, book your Bagan Tour Packages and enjoy the archaeological beauty of Bagan.
Top Places to Visit in Bagan
1. Ananda Pahto
With its 170ft-high gold corn-cob hti shimmering across the plains, Ananda is one of the finest, largest, best preserved and most revered of all Bagan temples. The central square measures 175ft along each side. Upper floors are closed to visitors. The entrance ways make the structure a perfect Greek cross; each entrance is crowned with a stupa finial. The base and the terraces are decorated with 554 glazed tiles showing scenes from the Jataka (stories of the Buddha’s past lives) thought to be derived from Mon texts. Look back as you enter to see the huge carved-teak doors that separate interior halls from cross passages on all four sides. Don’t leave without taking a brief walk around the outside of the temple, where you can see many glazed tiles and lovely views of the spires and terraced roofs.
2. Dhammayazika Pagoda
Dhammayazika Pagoda. Built by Narapatisithu in 1196 A.D. It is a solid circular pagoda of the Shwezigon type, but its design is elaborate and unusual. The three lower terraces, which are adorned with terracotta tablets illustrating the Jatakas or Birth Stories of the Buddha, are pentagonal, and at the base on each side, there is a small temple with a square basement enshrining an image of the Buddha. They are all built on a raised platform enclosed within a wall, and there is an outer circuit wall which is pierced with five gateways. There are some ink inscriptions on the interior walls of the projecting porches.
3. Shwezigon Paya
At the western end of Nyaung U, this big, beautiful zedi (stupa) is the town’s main religious site, and is most famous for its link with Myanmar’s main nat (spirits). Lit up impressively at dusk, the gilded zedi sits on three rising terraces. Enamelled plaques in panels around the base of the zedi illustrate scenes from the Jataka (stories from the Buddha’s past lives). At the cardinal points, facing the terrace stairways, are four shrines, each housing a 13ft-high bronze standing buddha.
4. Shwesandaw Paya
Bagan’s most famous sunset-viewing spot, Shwesandaw is a graceful white pyramid-style pagoda with steps leading past five terraces to the circular stupa top, with good 360-degree views. Its top terrace is roomy, which is just as well considering the numbers of camera-toting travellers who arrive before sunset.
5. Sulamani Pahto
This temple with five doorways is known as the Crowning Jewel and was constructed around 1181 by Narapatisithu. It is one of Bagan’s most attractive temples, with lush grounds (and ample vendors) behind the surrounding walls. It’s a prime example of later, more sophisticated temple styles, with better internal lighting. Buddha images face the four directions from the ground floor; the image at the eastern entrance sits in a recess built into the wall. The interior passage around the base is painted with quite big frescoes from the Konbaung period, and there are traces of earlier frescoes.