San Pedro de la Roca Castle – UNESCO Heritage in Cuba



San Pedro de la Roca Castle in Santiago de Cuba, is a 17th century fortress which is considered the best preserved and most complete example of Spanish-American military architecture. The castle and associated batteries protected the canal that leads up to the harbour of Santiago. The castle was designed by the Italian Giovanni Battista Antonelli in Renaissance style. It was built on a promontory (morro in Spanish) with steep cliffs. Series of stairways connect the various levels, with constructions dating from various ages. In 1997, listed in UNESCO Heritage list.


Located at the south-eastern end of the island of Cuba, has guarded the entrance to Santiago de Cuba Bay since 1638.

About San Pedro de la Roca Castle

1. The Castle of San Pedro de la Roca and its associated defensive works are of exceptional value because they constitute the largest and most comprehensive example of the principles of Renaissance military engineering adapted to the requirements of European colonial powers in the Caribbean.

2. The Castle, a classic bastioned fortification in which geometrical form, symmetry and proportionality between sides and angles predominate, is an outstanding representative of the Spanish-American school of military architecture.

3. The authenticity of San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba, is high in terms of location and setting, forms and designs, and materials and substances.

Best Time to Visit

If you are planning a Travel to Cuba then the best time to visit is from December to May, when you can expect dry, sunny days and plenty of blue skies.