Qal’at al-Bahrain is a typical tell – an artificial mound created by many successive layers of human occupation. The strata of the 300 × 600 m tell testify to continuous human presence from about 2300 BC to the 16th century AD. The site was the capital of the Dilmun, one of the most important ancient civilizations of the region.In 2005 listed in UNESCO World Heritage List.
Located in Bahrain, on the Arabian Peninsula. The archaeological findings, which are unearthed in the fort, reveal much about the history of the country. The area is thought to have been occupied for about 5000 years and contains a valuable insight into the Copper and Bronze Ages of Bahrain.
About Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun
- Qal’at al-Bahrain: Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun is an archaeological site comprising four main elements: an archaeological tell of over 16 hectares, immediately adjacent to the northern coast of Bahrain; a sea tower about 1600m North-West of the tell; a sea channel of just under 16 hectares through the reef near the sea tower, and palm-groves.
- Qal’at al-Bahrain is an exceptional example of more or less unbroken continuity of occupation over a period of almost 4500 years, from about 2300 BC to the present, on the island of Bahrain. The archaeological tell, the largest known in Bahrain, is unique within the entire region of Eastern Arabia and the Persian Gulf as the most complete example currently known of a deep and intact stratigraphic sequence covering the majority of time periods in Bahrain and the Persian Gulf.
- It provides an outstanding example of the might of Dilmun, and its successors during the Tylos and Islamic periods, as expressed by their control of trade through the Persian Gulf. These qualities are manifested in the monumental and defensive architecture of the site, the wonderfully preserved urban fabric and the outstandingly significant finds made by archaeologists excavating the tell.
- The site contains many areas and walls, including Saar necropolis, Al-Hajjar necropolis, Kassite Palace, Madimat Hermand necropolis, Madimat Isa necropolis, Al-Maqsha Necropolis, Palace of Uperi, Shakhura necropolis, and the Northern city wall.
- The ruins of the Copper Age consists of two sections of the fortification wall surrounding streets and houses, and a colossal building on the edge of the moat of the Portuguese fort in the centre.
Best Time to Visit
Best time to visit Bahrain is in the cooler months between November and February. From November to March the weather is pleasant with warm days and cool nights. Temperatures vary between minimums of 14º C to a maximum of 24º C. You can need warm clothing between December and February.
Beautiful Bahrain , said to be the Garden of Eden from Biblical times, is also known as the “Pearl of the Gulf”. Part of an archipelago of 33 islands, it was strategically located on the ancient trade route between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley. Local crafts are pottery, stained glass, textiles, finely worked traditional jewellery, woodwork, and models of traditional dhows, rugs and wall hangings. Karbabad village is famous for traditional weaving, and Bani Jamrah is known for a cloth that is woven on complex looms.