Fortress of Berat, known as Kalaja to the locals, is a dominant feature overlooking the town. The origins of the castle go all the way back to the 4th century with a medieval fortress built in the 13th and 14th centuries with 24 towers and four entrance gateways.
Berat Fortress located on a rocky hill on the left bank of the river Osum and is accessible only from the south.
About Berat Fortress
- The fortress of Berat in its present state, even though considerably damaged, remains a magnificent sight. The surface that it encompasses made it possible to house a considerable portion of the cities inhabitants.
- The buildings inside the fortress were built during the 13th century and because of their characteristic architecture are preserved as cultural monuments.
- The population of the fortress was Christian, and it had about 20 churches (most built during the 13th century) and only one mosque, for the use of the Turkish garrison, (of which there survives only a few ruins and the base of the minaret). The churches of the fortress were damaged through years and only some have remained.
- In the castle compound, a few attractions worth exploring, like the Onufri Museum within Saint Maria’s Sleep Church & the Holy Trinity Church, which I’ll write about in future posts, but it’s also a pleasure just to wonder around within the castle, between the churches and along the narrow streets.
Berat is considered one of the oldest and most beautiful cities in Albania. Berat has been witness to the coexistence of various religious and cultural communities over the centuries, and is one of the few examples of the architectural character typical of the Ottoman period. If you are planning a Travel to Albania, then Berat Fortress is worth to visit.